SCI写作高频词、词组(摘要部分)

SCI摘要部分的重要性仅次于SCI题目,绝大多数读者甚至审稿人阅读完题目以后,会先阅读文章的摘要部分,当摘要部分引起读者兴趣的时候,读者才会选择进一步地阅读其它部分。

SCI写作高频词、词组(摘要部分)

别看摘要部分才短短的200-300字,但却麻雀虽小,五脏俱全,基本上是整篇文章的等比例的微缩版。摘要的写作难度并不大,有“起承转合”固定的写作模式,如果再结合我们所总结的几大板块以及相应部分的高频词汇词组,我想人人都可以成为摘要高手!

纵观各类期刊,摘要基本可以分为五大部分的内容:

第一部分:Background
第二部分:Purpose/Objective
第三部分:Methods (and Materials)
第四部分:Results/Findings
第五部分:Conclusions/Interpretation

很多期刊不会明确要求一定要按固定的模式写,就是写一段话,由作者决定安排这五部分的内容。但也有很多期刊,第一,四,和五部分是必选项,而对于第二部分和第三部分不同的杂志有各自不同的要求。

大家在投稿的时候要注意期刊对这五部分是怎么要求的,而且要看清要求的背景、研究目的、材料方法、结果、结论这几项英文单词的格式问题:有的只有首字母大写,有的要全部字母大写;有的要求这几个字母后面跟空格,有的跟冒号,有的要换行。

下面两个图是两个不同杂志的模板,大家可以看一下它们是怎样的要求。

BMC Biology

SCI写作高频词、词组(摘要部分)

International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery

SCI写作高频词、词组(摘要部分)

好了,说完了摘要写作基本的几个部分,我们开始每个部分的高频词汇词组总结,希望这22项不同类别的总结能给大家的摘要写作添砖加瓦:

第一部分:Background

1. 开头先提某研究方向很“重要”,“重要”的表示方法:

essential, profound impact, fundamental, major, have been intensively studied, have crucial (important) roles, powerful effects, has been a milestone, act as a primary XX, has attracted enormous interest in XX; has recently emerged as a key XX, one of the most common/prevalent/aggressive types of XX (affecting human health), show an important role in XX.

2. 某事很“严重”,所以要研究,“严重”的表示方法:

devastating, prevalent, severely affects, aberrant, abnormal, fatal, variable and unpredictable, rare and frequently aggressive.

3.疾病的N种表示方法:

disease, disorder, dysfunction, aberrant.

4. 用数字说话,比例的修饰词汇总:

approximately (around) 5%, afflict up to 5% of the world's population, a total of.

第一部分和第二部分之间的连接/转折:

5.“未知”的各种表示方法:

(virtually) unknown, less is known, remains (largely) unknown, elusive, we know little about, unclear, still not well understood, poorly understood, there are few reports on.

6. 转折之后,观点所在,“转折”的表示方法:

but, however, nevertheless, yet, unlike conventional XX, while the results were conflicting and heterogeneous.

7. 如何“聚焦”到本篇文章,“聚焦”的表示方法:

Here, in this/current/the present study, toward this aim, in this work, our/the findings, our aim was to identify XX.

第二部分 Purpose/Objective

8. 研究的事物与其他事物比较/包含

as compared with/to, consisting of.

9. 研究的主变量与某物相关

involvement, be involved in; (highly) correlates/be related to, largely uncharacterized, be (closely/strongly/tightly) associated with, linked to, determine the relationship between A and B.

第三部分 Methods (and Materials)

10. 研究包括什么材料,应用了什么方法/处理/条件:

XX was used in/involved in XX; include; XX was treated with/genotyped by XX; Three treatments were applied, conducted, employed, performed, investigated, carried out.

第四部分:Results/Findings

11. 结果“展示”,“表明”,"证实"的表示方法:

postulate, found, show, demonstrate, indicate, suggest, provide direct (indirect)evidence, implicated, reveal, identify, validate, argue, investigate, explore, examined, report, discover, investigate, screen, uncover, detect, test.

12. 论述结果的执行动词:

measure, evaluate, provide an experimental strategy, map, review, observe, visualize, characterize, perform XX analysis, assess, retrieve from, download, select, construct, analyze, perform/ be carried out to, synthesized several sets of public data, preliminary clarify, build, obtain, download.

13.“结果”的多种表示方式:

these results, experimental and modeling data, the present study.

14. 论述结果的层级递进:

also, then, in addition (to), additionally, furthermore, moreover, subsequently, following, finally, (first, second, third), besides.

15. 借助于某某工具:

by means of, applied, use, via, in terms of, done, though, adopt quality criteria to classify the studies of XX analysis, based on, be according to.

16.“关键”结论的关键提示:


notably, be sufficient to, with a focus, intriguingly, interestingly, clearly, importantly.

17. 论述结果的其他高频副词:

respectively, precisely, accurately.

18. 两者之间一方对另一方施加影响,主变量“调控”因变量:

(bidirectionally 双向)(positively)(negatively) regulate, modulate, alter, promote, produce, elevate, reduce, activate, trigger, manipulate, enhance.

19. 主变量对因变量的影响:

lead to, cause, drive, be determined by, owing to, triggered by, resulting in.

第五部分:Conclusions/Interpretation

20.总结词

together, in summary, overall, thereby, therefore, collectively, in conclusion, taken together, in total.

21.结论评价词

simple, reliable, robust, largely consistent with, effective.

22.科研要严谨,总结要慎重,下结论一般是各种“可能”:

might, may, possibly, it could be, would, can (“可能性”从左到右依次加强).

版权声明:Robin 发表于 2022年3月1日 上午9:36。
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