论文写作中形近易混的词,擦亮眼睛仔细辨认

administer:to manage and organize the affairs of a company, an organization, a country, etc.; to give drugs, medicine, etc. to sb

administrate:尽管某些词典有这一词条,同administer的”管理”之义,专家建议尽量不用。
The dose wasadministeredto the child intravenously.
已给那孩子静脉注射了这一剂量。
The Internet opens up new ways ofadministratingthe tax system.
互联网开拓了管理税收系统的一些新途径。
adverse:unfavorable; harmful
averse:strongly disliking; opposed
This drug is known to haveadverseside effects.
众所周知,这种药具有不良副作用。
He wasaverseto any change.
他反对任何改变。
advise:(verb) to recommend
advice:(noun) recommendation
The ministeradvisedhim to leave as soon as possible.
部长建议他尽快离开。
Take myadviceand stay away from him!
听我的忠告,离他远点!
affect:(verb) to influence, to have an impact on
effect:(noun) a result, a consequence; (verb) to bring about, to cause
Nicotine adverselyaffectsthe functioning of the heart and arteries.
尼古丁对心脏和动脉功能有负面影响。
The crisis had a negativeeffecton trade.
这次危机对贸易产生了很坏的影响。
alternate:happening or following one after the other regularly
alternative:available as another possibility
Throughout the night, peoplealternatebetween passive and active sleep.
整个晚上,人的被动和主动睡眠交替进行。
New ways to treat arthritis may provide analternativeto painkillers.
治疗关节炎的新方法可能会提供一种止痛药的替代品。
all together:all in one place; all at once
altogether:completely; on the whole
Can you put your booksall togetherin this box?
你能把你的书都放进这个箱子里吗?
The choice of language isaltogetherdifferent.
语言的选择全然不同。
artefact:artificial effect, often due to experimental error
artifact:object produced or shaped by human craft
But this does not mean China's economic miracle has been just a statisticalartefact.
但是这并不意味这中国的经济奇迹是个统计数字假象。
They also repair broken religiousartifacts.
他们也修补破损的宗教手工艺品。
bare:naked; not covered
bear:(verb) to carry; to put up with
The hills above the valley arebarerock.
河谷上面的山是光秃秃的岩石。
The housesbearthe marks of bullet holes.
房屋带有子弹的痕迹。
beside:at the side of, next to
besides:other than
On the tablebesidean empty plate was a pile of books.
桌上的空碟子旁摆着一摞书。
We have lots of things in commonbesidesmusic.
除了音乐,我们还有很多共通点。
born:having started life
borne:(bear的过去分词) carried
She wasbornin the fifties.
她是五十年代出生的。
It must bebornein mind that the victory is hard-won.
须知胜利来之不易。
cite:quote or mention
site:a place where something is located
The officials didn’tciteparticular reports.
官员们没有引用特定的报道。
Thesiteis off-limits to the general public.
这个场所不对公众开放。
classic:an excellent or defining version of something
classical:descriptions of things like the civilizations of ancient Greece and Rome or the orchestral music of the 18thand 19thcenturies
The book is now recognized as aclassic.
这本书现在是一部公认的经典著作。
He playsclassicalmusic, as well as pop and jazz.
他演奏流行音乐和爵士乐,同时也演奏古典音乐。
complement:to add to so as to improve; an improving addition
compliment:to praise or express approval; (noun) an admiring remark
The team needs players whocomplementeach other.
球队需要能够相互取长补短的队员。
You can do no harm by paying a womancompliments.
对女人讲恭维话不会有什么害处。
compose:to combine to form a whole
comprise:to have sb/sth as parts or members (一些保守派学者提倡禁用be comprised of,尽管某些词典承认这种用法)
Protein moleculescomposeall the complex working parts of living cells.
蛋白质分子构成了活细胞所有复杂的工作部件。
The collectioncomprises327 paintings.
这部画册收有327幅画。
continual:ongoing but with pause or interruption, starting and stopping
continuous:ceaseless
Life was acontinualstruggle for them.
生活对他们来说就是不断的挣扎。
Continuousexposure to sound above 80 decibels could be harmful.
持续曝露于超过80分贝的声音可能有害。
discreet:careful not to attract attention
discrete:separate and distinct
You ought to make a fewdiscreetenquiries before you sign anything.
你应该审慎地询问清楚再签字。
Atoms are made up ofdiscreteparticles.
原子由相互独立的粒子组成。
ensure:to make certain that something will happen
insure:to provide compensation for death or loss
The bookensuredhis success.
这本书保证了他的成功。
The painting isinsuredfor $1 million.
这幅油画投了100万元的保险。
evoke:to call to mind
invoke:to mention a person, a theory, an example, etc. to support your opinions or ideas
The musicevokedmemories of her youth.
这乐曲勾起了她对青年时代的回忆。
Sheinvokedseveral eminent scholars to back up her argument.
她援引了几位赫赫有名的学者来支持她的论点。
historic:important in history
historical:connected with the past
The area is of specialhistoricinterest.
这个地区有特别历史意义。
You must place these events in theirhistoricalcontext.
必须把这些事件同它们的历史环境联系起来看。
more important:(adjective phrase) what is more important
more importantly:(adverbial phrase) in a more important manner
More important, the cancer spread to the liver.
更重要的是,癌症扩散到了肝脏。
In the assessment, the leak was viewedmore importantlythan it should have been.
在评估中,泄漏事件被看得过于重要了。
nauseated:to feel sick to one’s stomach
nauseous:causing one to become sick
The fumes caused us to becomenauseated.
这废气让我们感到恶心。
The fumes arenauseous.
这废气令人作呕。
principal:most important; the head of a school
principle:a fundamental rule or belief
Theprincipalreason for this omission is lack of time.
跳过它的主要原因是时间不足。
There are three fundamentalprinciplesof teamwork.
团队合作有三个基本原则。
它们是不是都长得很像?就连母语是英语的作者有时都会将这些形近词弄错呢。
积累词汇有很多方法,比如定期阅读研究领域内的前沿热点文章。不过经验告诉我们,科技词汇不止会出现在科技类文章中,广泛地阅读不仅能扩展知识面,更能扩展词汇量。

论文写作中形近易混的词,擦亮眼睛仔细辨认

版权声明:Robin 发表于 2022年3月1日 上午1:29。
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